GLOSSARY: Fermentation

Fermentation is defined as the biochemical synthesis of organic compounds by microorganisms. It is the process of growing microorganisms within an enclosed tank (fermenter) under controlled conditions of aeration, agitation, temperature, and pH. The different types organisms used as a basis for fermentation are: bacteria (E. coli), yeasts, molds, Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, kidney cells and vaccines to viruses.