GLOSSARY: RNA

Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate. RNA is single-stranded; RNA nucleotides contain ribose; and RNA has the base uracil. RNA is transcribed from DNA by enzymes called RNA polymerases and is generally further processed by other enzymes. RNA is central to protein synthesis.


No Content Found